DWI and Drugs

About 25-30% of our cases involve DWI charges in which the person is suspected of using drugs. (See Louisiana DWI Laws for more on the specific laws related to drug-related DWI.)

The fact that you might have a prescription for drugs, such as pain-killers, or Xanax for anxiety, or soma for muscle pain, is NOT a defense. It is legal for you to drive while using prescription drugs, or drinking for that matter, but it is not legal if doing so impairs you.

DWI penalties for driving under the influence of drugs are the same as if the chemical that impaired the driver was alcohol.

Louisiana’s Statutory Law Regarding Driving While Under the Influence of Drugs

Louisiana has a specific statute regarding drug-related DUI crimes. The most relevant section of the law to those facing misdemeanor and felony DWI drug charges states:

14 La. Rev. Stat. § 98
A. (1) The crime of operating a vehicle while intoxicated is the operating of any motor vehicle, aircraft, watercraft, vessel, or other means of conveyance when: …
(c) The operator is under the influence of any controlled dangerous substance listed in Schedule I, II, III, IV, or V as set forth in La. R.S. 40:964
(d)(i) The operator is under the influence of a combination of alcohol and one or more drugs which are not controlled dangerous substances and which are legally obtainable with or without a prescription.
(e)(i) The operator is under the influence of one or more drugs which are not controlled dangerous substances and which are legally obtainable with or without a prescription.

As Louisiana’s law reads, a person can be convicted for a DWI drugs crime when they are in control of nearly any type of vehicle and were under the influence of either an illegal drug or a medication available OTC or by prescription. The state will present its case against you by providing the police officer’s report and drug test of your blood or urine showing that you used a drug that was legal or illegal and that your driving was impaired by that substance.

Common prescription medications associated with driving under the influence of drugs cases include: hydrocodone, OxyContin, oxycodone, acetaminophen, Vicodin, Xanax, benzodiazepines, Valium, diazepam, LORTAB, Percodan, Percocet, Demerol, Dilaudid, Lorazepam, Ambien, Amphetamine, methamphetamine, Ativan, and Adderall.

When you face DWI charges but were under the influence of any of these medications, your attorney will fight for your rights by presenting one of two affirmative defenses for DUID cases.

He will show that:

  1. You did not knowingly take a dosage of the medication which substantially exceeded the amount identified by your doctor or the manufacturer’s instructions located on the box, bottle or dosing instructions. OR
  2. You had no warning from your doctor or the manufacturer that the medication could not be combined with an alcoholic beverage.

Whether you need an attorney to handle the illegal drug aspect of your case or to show proof that your medication use was lawful, your best choice for legal counsel is the law office of Bates and McMillin.

Punishments for Drug-Related DWI Convictions in Louisiana

The punishment for driving while under the influence of drugs convictions in Louisiana are severe. If you’ve had more than two convictions, your third and subsequent arrest will be treated as felony DWI crimes. Below is a chart showing just a few of the penalties for drug-related DWI convictions.

Punishment1st Offense2nd Offense3rd Offense (Felony)4th Offense
(Felony)
Jail TimeA minimum of 10 days; up to 6 monthsBetween 30 days and 6 monthsA minimum of 1 year; up to 5 yearsA 10 to 30 year sentence; at least 2 years must be served in prison
Community Service HoursAt least 32 hoursAt least 240 hoursAt least 240 hours
At least 320 hours
FinesA minimum of $300 to $1,000 plus feesA minimum of $750 to $1,000 plus feesA minimum of $2000
A minimum of $5,000
License Suspension90 days1 year2 years
2 years

The chart only identifies a few of the strict consequences of misdemeanor and felony DUI drugs cases. Other penalties for DWI drug cases include substance abuse course and evaluations, the search and seizure of your vehicle, mandatory psychological testing, additional fees and house arrest. Louisiana’s child endangerment laws also impose mandatory jail sentences if a child under 12 was in your vehicle at the time of arrest. Don’t let the punishment for a drug-related DWI impair your employment or other aspects of your life. Contact Bates and McMillin today to properly begin the fight against your DUID charges.

Your defense attorney needs all the training he can get to defend charges of drug-related DWI.

James Bates and Robert McMillin have that training. Part of the conviction process for DUI drugs cases involves the testing of your bodily fluids for proof of a controlled substance.This testing falls within Louisiana’s Implied Consent Law.

Drugs are generally detected by urine tests or when a blood sample has been sent to the Louisiana Crime Lab, by the use of a gas chromatograph/mass spectrometer machine. James Bates and Robert McMillin completed the ACS Forensic Gas Chromatography course in the interpretation and operation of that machine, specifically for DUID cases. In fact, they are among the few attorneys in Louisiana to have that training. Robert McMillin is also a member of the American Chemistry Society.

Only properly administered tests can be used against you in a court of law, so you need the analysis of your case to be conducted by highly trained experts like the legal team of Bates and McMillin.